适用课程: 跨文化交流(创新英语)(0311200111),跨文化交流(创新英语)(0311200112),优秀课程(2012),跨文化交流(创新英语)(sd03110642),中国背景下的跨文化交际(通选)(sd92310180)【访问量:604270】
Intercultural Communication 跨文化交流 (通识核心-创新)

 

Syllabus for IC Postgraduates 2020

 

Syllabus

 

Course Meeting Times

2 sessions / week, 2 hours / session

Course Aims and Objectives

This course aims to help students gain a mindful, open, flexible and tolerant awareness of intercultural communication, improve their related verbal & nonverbal communicative competence and strategies, and simultaneously foster their own cultural identity, reflective capacity and the ability to pass down and enrich their cultural heritage, so that they could possess broader international vision, working ability in the multicultural environment and stronger international competitiveness.

On the completion of the course, students will be able to

l Build a mindful, open, flexible and tolerant awareness of intercultural communication, as well as a proactive attitude in cultural learning. 

l Promote their sensitivity, tolerance, respect and empathy with regard to different cultures, and acquaint themselves with the basic skills of getting to know the other cultures.

l Reinforce their reflective capacity and constructive competence in the light of their own cultures and their cultural identities.

l Foster their critical thinking, creative thinking, cultural adaptability and the ability to co-construct a third culture in certain contexts.

l Gain a systematic conceptual framework of culture and communication, and grasp the fundamental principles and theories of intercultural communication.

l Be fully aware of the importance of deep culture, understand the dynamics of family, the histories of certain countries, and the cultural functions of the major religions.

l Develop their verbal communicative competence in listening, negotiation, effective questioning and the like.

l Interpret the nonverbal communicative means such as paralanguage, body language, setting language, and improve their related nonverbal communicative competence and strategies.

l Identify and avoid potential problems in intercultural communication, such as seeking the similarities, withdrawal or anxiety, stereotype and prejudice, racism and ethnocentrism, cultural shock, etc.

l Participate or create certain intercultural communication experience, and analyze the underlying meaning.

Course Format

The course is divided into four sections.

l  The section of the local classroom training will be conducted as a seminar/ workshop. It will be highly interactive, with less than one hour left to lectures and systematic instructions, and the rest devoted discussions, inquiry projects, case studies, drills and exercises, video analysis, etc.

l  The local lecture section will invite experts and researchers in both the theoretical and the practical fields of intercultural communication to give lectures.

l  The local international classroom section provide opportunities for students to make face-to-face communication with foreign friends. Teachers will offer outlines and guidelines for their discussion as well as reflection.

l  The online cross-national learning section will see students conduct online video chat with international students, with discussion and reflection guidelines from teachers.

Course Assessment 

 

1. Class Participation (30%):

Class participation grades will be based on a number of indicators including:

l Whether the students attend class or not.

l Their reading of the required materials, and preparation of questions for use in class 

discussions.

l How actively the students interact with their partners via various forms.  

l Their completion of class surveys/assignments.

l Themed inquiry: Make group inquiry into the designated topics and present the findings in class. The inquiry should possess considerable depth, range, systematicity and values. The presentation should be clear and logical, rich in both words and pictures.

2.  Reflective journal and autobiography (20%):

l  Students need to submit an autobiography at the beginning of the term, covering   

their intercultural communication experiences, critical events, beliefs and

expectations, etc. and enrich it throughout the term by combining what they learn

and experience in this course. The autobiography is supposed to be specific,

in-depth and cover all the required aspects. 10%

l Students are required to write a weekly journal for the entire term. The journal may be lecture notes, sharing extracurricular readings, exchange of personal theories, and raising puzzling issues for further exploration with their peer. 10%

3. Cooperative inquiry50%

Term project:  Students should work in teams on the given project, to find out the concealed problems, the causes and the potential solutions for the designated tasks. Then they will need to present orally in class their final scheme (30%) and also submit the written scheme20%.

Both the written scheme and the presentation should demonstrate clear-cut theme, scientific methodology, coherent language, and strong logic. The presentation PPT is supposed to have neat layout, visual aids and correct language.

Text

Chang, Junyue. Intercultural Communication [M]. Beijing University Press, 2011.

Reference books:

Samovar, Larry A. & Porter, Richard E. Communication Between Cultures (6th edition) [M]. Beijing University Press, 2009.

Samovar, Larry A. & Porter, Richard E. Intercultural Communication: A Reader [M]. Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press, 2007.

Chen, Guo-ming & Starosta, William J. Foundations  of Intercultural Communication[M]. Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press, 2007.

Beamer, Linda & Varner, Iris. Intercultural Communication in the Global Workplace (3rd edition)[M]. Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press, 2006.

Course Calendar

Teachers will give classes on their respective campus, following the course calendar below.

Session  1 2 Hours

         1. Topics:

          *        Course overview and orientation

          *        The necessity of Intercultural Communication  

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Get a general picture of what to learn in this course and how they will be assessed

*        Be highly aware of the importance of intercultural communication;

*        Learn the brief history of intercultural communication as a discipline home and abroad

*        Understand the distinction between intercultural communication and cross-cultural communication

*        Build a personal profile of intercultural experiences and interests by filling the Cross Cultural Adaptability Inventory (CCAI) and brainstorming their autobiography

Session 2  2 Hours

1. Topic:

An understanding of culture IEssentials of culture 

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Understand the essentials of culture, such as the functions, elementsdefinition and characteristics of culture

*        Identify and enact their own cultural identity

*        Understand how culture shapes perception, and inculcates a set of values 

Session 3 & 4 4  Hours

1. Topic:

An understanding of culture II

Cultural patterns and intercultural communication theories

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Identify diverse cultural patterns, such as dominant culture vs. co-culture vs. counterculture, individual cultures  vs. collective cultures, hierarchical cultures vs democratic cultures, high context cultures vs low context cultures, linear time cultures vs flexible time cultures vs cyclical time cultures

*        Be familiar with various intercultural communication theories in terms of cultural value dimensions by Hall, Hofstede, Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck, Tim-Toomey etc.  

Session 5   2 Hours

1.    Topics:

Cultural Identity

  2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Understand the definition and the categories of cultural identity

*        Grasp the activation and development models of cultural identity

*        Develop the awareness of possible stereotypes about different cultural identities, and the ways to avoid them

Session 6   2 Hours

1.    Topics:

*        The deep structure of culture

*        Exploring the deep structure of culture I: Family

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Understand the three most influential social organizations that make up a culture’s deep structure: family, state (community), worldview (religion)

*        Grasp the essentials of family: importance, definition, forms, functions

*        Understand cultural variants in family interaction: gender roles, individualism and collectivism, age, social skills

*        Gain special understanding of the cultural variant of gender, by exploring gender differences and their communication strategies

Session 7   2 Hours

1. Topic:

Exploring the deep structure of culture II: History

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Understand history as a key element in developing a culture’s identity, values, goals and character

*        Understand the impact of history on intercultural communication

*        Know about the influence of certain countries (US/ Russia/ UK/ France/ Japan/ Mexico/ Islamic countries’)’s history upon their cultures

Session 8  2 Hours

1. Topic:

Exploring the deep structure of culture III: Worldview

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Understand the importance and the manifestations of worldview

*        Gain an understanding of religion as a worldview

*        Learn about the six major religious traditions and their impact on intercultural communication

Session 9 2 Hours

1. Topic:

Language, cultural and communication

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*       Review the communication models

*      Form a clear picture of verbal process and the relationship among language, meaning and culture

Session 10  2 Hours

1. Topic:

Verbal communication strategies

2. Objectives:

*        Grasp certain strategies of organizing routine messages, persuasive messages, unwelcome messages, and problem-solving messages

*        Realize the role and force of words in specified (Arabic / Japanese/ English-speaking) cultures, and learn some communicative tactics in dealing with people with these cultural backgrounds

Session 11  2 Hours

1. Topic:

Nonverbal communication I: body language

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Make proper cultural interpretation of paralanguage and diverse body language in terms of appearance, movement, facial expressions, eye contact, touch and smell

*        Know about certain etiquette and taboos in the above-mentioned paralanguage and body language when contacting with people from different cultures

Session 12 2 Hours

1. Topic:

Nonverbal communication II: setting language

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        make cultural interpretation of diverse setting language (such as space, time and silence) in the process of intercultural communication

*        Know about certain etiquette and taboos in the above-mentioned setting language when contacting with people from different cultures

Session 13 2 Hours

1. Topics:

Intercultural communication competence and strategies I

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Define intercultural competence and recognize basic components of communication competence proposed by researchers like Samovar & Porter, Gudykunst, Chen, etc.

*        Improving intercultural communication by employing certain strategies, such as knowing themselves, being empathetic in perspective taking, becoming a better asker and listener, developing communication flexibility, and learning about cultural adaption.

Session 14  2 Hours

1. Topics:

Intercultural communication competence and strategies II

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Identify the potential problems in intercultural communication like seeking similarities, withdrawal or anxiety, stereotyping, prejudice, racism, ethnocentrism, cultural shock

*        Grasp the ways to minimize the above cultural barriers

*        Reinforce the awareness of being open, flexible, tolerant and mindful in intercultural communication

Session 15 2 Hours

1. Topic:

Cultural influence on context I: the business setting

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Assess the context from dimensions of formality/informality, assertiveness/ peacekeeping, status relationships, monetary recognition/non-monetary rewards of performance

*        Know various cultural rules for establishing relationships in multinational business context, in terms of business protocol, greeting behaviors, personal appearance, gift giving, management styles, negotiation styles, decision making, conflict management and use of information technology

*        Grasp particularly the factors and phases of intercultural negotiation

Session 16  2 Hours

1. Topic:

Cultural influence on context II: the educational setting

2. Objectives:

On completion of the session, students will be able to

*        Be aware of the trends and challenges of multicultural education

*        Develop multicultural proficiency

*        Improve multicultural communication competence by learning basic multicultural communication strategies

《跨文化交流》课程教学大纲

(本科生用)

课程编号: 0311200112

课程名称:跨文化交流

英文名称:Intercultural Communication

课程类型:通识核心课

开课学期:1

总学时:36学时   讲课学时:34    实验学时:0

学  分: 2

适用对象:大学生

先修课程:先修英文

一、课程性质、目的和任务

1.  课程性质:

本课程作为通识教育创新创业版块的核心课程,融“教师点拨培训+跨文化专家讲座+网络跨国视频交流+与国际友人面对面交流”四种模块于一体,培养学生跨文化交流需要的元意识和元策略,是一门理论结合实践的课程。

2.  目的和任务:

本课程旨在培养学生敏锐、开放、灵活、宽容的跨文化交流意识,提高其言语/非言语跨文化交流能力和策略,同时增强其文化身份感、文化反思力和文化传承创新能力等,以促进学生拥有宽广的国际视野、多文化环境工作能力和国际竞争力。

完成课程学习后,学生应能够:

*           树立敏锐、开放、灵活、宽容的跨文化交流意识和积极主动的文化学习意识

*           增加对其他文化的敏觉力、宽容心、尊重态度和同情意识及探知方法

*           增强对自己文化和自我身份的反思意识和构建能力,

*           提高交流过程中批判性思维、创新思维、一定情景下的文化适应能力和参与构  

建第三种文化的能力

*           建立系统的文化与交流的概念体系,掌握跨文化交流基本原理和理论

*           深谙深层文化之重要性,了解家庭文化动力、特定国家历史及常见宗教的文化        

作用

*     提高倾听、磋商、有效发问等言语交流能力

*           解读对方副语言、身体语言、情境语言等非言语交流方式,提高相关交流技能

*          识别并预防跨文化交流过程中潜在的文化趋同、畏缩或焦虑、定型观念、偏见、种族主义、民族中心主义、文化休克等交流问题

*          参与或创造一定的跨文化交流经历,并能够自己分析研究其中的意义

二、教学基本要求

l  理念提升:提升跨文化交流意识、理念,拓展视野,宽厚心灵。

l  能力培养:培养跨文化敏感度、同理心、柔韧性、身份意识等能力。

l  技巧获得:学会跨文化言语和非言语交流的基本实用技巧。

三、教学内容与要求

各任课教师遵循以下课程教学大纲,承担所在校区的学期授课任务:

(一)第一节(2课时)

1. 授课主题

l  课程概要与导入

l  跨文化交流之重要性

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  了解课程概要及评估方式

l  知晓国内外跨文化交流学科的发展历史

l  理解跨文化交流与不同文化间的交流之区别

l  高度重视跨文化交流

l  填写不同文化间适应能力问卷,构思个人自传,建立个人跨文化交流经验和兴趣档案

( 二)第二节(2课时) 

1. 授课主题:理解文化①: 文化要素

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  理解诸如文化功能、成分、概念、特点等文化要素

l  识别并激活自己的文化身份认同

l  理解文化如何影响人们的感知并培养他们的价值观

、四)第三、四节(4课时)

1. 授课主题:理解文化②:文化模式与跨文化交流理论

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  识别不同文化模式,如主文化、共文化与反文化,个人主义文化与集体主义文层 

文化与民主型文化,高语境文化与低语境文化,直线型时间文化、弹性时间文化与循环型时间文化等

l  熟悉Hall、Hofstede、Kluckhohn和 Strodtbeck、Tim-Toomey等在文化价值观    

方面的理论

(五)第五节(2课时)

1.授课主题:文化的身份认同

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l       理解文化身份的含义和类别

l       掌握文化身份的启动和发展模式

l       明白不同文化身份可能催生的偏见,及避免偏见的方法

( 六)第六节(2课时)

  1. 授课主题

l  文化的深层结构

l  文化的深层结构探索①: 家庭

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l 理解三种最具影响力的社会机制构成了文化的深层结构:家庭、国家(社区)和世界观(宗教)

l 把握家庭的要素:重要性、概念、形式和功能

l 理解家庭互动中的文化变体:性别角色、个人主义与集体主义、年龄、社交技能

l 尤其是通过探索两性交流差异与策略,来理解性别这一文化变体

(七)第七节(2课时)

  1. 授课主题:文化的深层结构探索②:历史

  2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  理解历史是培养文化身份、价值观、目标和性格的关键因素

l  理解历史对跨文化交流的影响

l  了解美、俄、英、法、日、墨等特定国家及伊斯兰教国家的历史对其文化的影响

  (八)第八节(2课时)

1. 授课主题:文化的深层结构探索③:世界观

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  理解世界观的重要性和表现形式

l  理解宗教是一种世界观

l  了解世界六大宗教传统及其对跨文化交流的作用

(九)第九节(2课时)

  1. 授课主题:语言,文化与交际

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  复习已学交际模式

l  清晰掌握言语过程以及语言、意义和文化之间的关系

(十)第十节(2课时)

  1. 授课主题:言语交流策略

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  掌握组织常规信息、劝说性信息、不受欢迎的信息及问题解决式信息的策略;

l  认识到话语在具体(阿拉伯/日本/英语国家等)文化中的作用与力量,学习与不同文化背景的人交往的说话技巧

(十一)第十一节(2课时)

1. 授课主题:非言语交流①:身体语言

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  恰当解读跨文化交流过程中的副语言和身体语言(如外貌、动作、面部表情、目光交流、接触、味道等)

l  了解与其他文化背景的人交往过程中上述诸方面的礼仪和禁忌

(十二)第十二节(2课时)

  1. 授课主题:非言语交流②:情境语言

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  在跨文化交流过程中对空间、时间和沉默等情境语言做出适切的文化解读;

l  了解与其他文化背景的人交往过程中上述诸方面的礼仪和禁忌

(十三)第十三节(2课时)

  1. 授课主题: 跨文化交流能力与策略

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  明白跨文化能力的涵义,知晓Samovar和 Porter, Gudykunst, Chen等研究者提出的交流能力的构成要素

l  提高跨文化交流能力,学会使用诸如了解自我、换位思考中同情共感、善于发问和倾听、发展交流弹性等策略,并了解文化适应

(十四)第十四节(2课时)

  1. 授课主题:跨文化交流能力与策略

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  识别跨文化交流过程中潜在的问题,如文化趋同、畏缩或焦虑、定型观念、偏见、种族主义、民族中心主义、文化休克等

l  把握减少上述文化交流障碍的方法

l  增强开放、灵活、宽容、敏锐的跨文化交流意识

(十五)第十五节(2课时)

  1. 授课主题文化对语境的影响:商务情境

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l  从正式程度/非正式程度、果断/和气、地位关系、业绩物质回报/非物质回报等维度评估语境

l  了解跨国商务情境中发展关系的文化规则,如商业礼仪、个人仪表、礼物馈赠、管理风格、谈判风格、决策风格、冲突管理、信息技术应用情况等

l  尤其把握跨文化谈判的因素与阶段

(十六)第十六节(2课时)

  1. 授课主题:文化对语境的影响:教育情境

2. 学生学完本次课后,应达到以下基本要求:

l   知晓多元文化教育的诸多趋势和挑战

l   增强多元文化能力

l   提高多元文化交流能力,掌握多元文化交流基本策略

四、实践环节

学生可以通过四种模式进行实践:

(1)在本地课堂版块,进行合作项目探究、真实案例分析、训练研讨、视频分析等。

(2)在本地国际课堂版块,与国际友人面对面交流,应用所学的观念、策略。

(3)在网络跨国课堂版块,与国际学子视频在线交流,应用所学的观念、策略。

(4)在教师提供的国外音视频聊天网站或笔友网站,进行跨文化交流自主学习。

五、课外习题及课程讨论

课程设计了大量的课外习题和课程讨论题目,供同学们深化所学,灵活应用。

六、教学方法与手段

(1)本地课堂版块:以高度互动的研修班/工作坊的形式进行,教师讲课和系统点拨不足一半时间,其余时间用做讨论、项目探究、案例分析、模拟训练、视频分析等;

(2)本地讲座版块:外事专家及跨文化交流研究学者开展讲座。

(3) 本地国际课堂版块:学生与国际友人面对面交流,提供讨论提纲、指导反思等。

(4)网络跨国课堂版块(拟): 学生与国际学子视频在线交流,提供讨论及反思提纲。

七、考核方式:

本课程采用多元动态考核方式:

1.   过程评估:平时考勤、课堂表现 (30%) + 作业、反思(20 %)

2.   期末评估:团队项目考核 (50 %)

八、推荐教材和教学参考书

教  材:

《跨文化交际》,常俊跃主编,北京大学出版社,2011年.

参考书:

《Communicating Between Cultures(跨文化交流)》, Samovar, Porter and McDaniel编著,北京大学出版社, 2009年。

《Intercultural Communication: A Reader(跨文化交流读本)》,Samovar, Porter and McDaniel编著,上海外语教育出版社,2007.

《Foundations of Intercultural Communication(跨文化交际学基础)》,Chen, Guo-ming & Starosta, William J. 上海外语教育出版社,2007.

《Intercultural Communication in the Global Workplace,3rd ed.(全球化工作环境中的跨文化沟通,第三版)》,Linda Beamer & Iris Varner编著,上海外语教育出版社,2006.

九、说明

大纲制定人:朱耀云

大纲审定人:王湘云

                             修订日期:2012.9.30